Highly Automated Driving:
The new challenges for
Functional Safety and Cyber Security

DI Dr. Christian Schwarzl, Team Leader Dependable Systems Group


Dipl.-Ök. Thomas Doms
Ing. Benedikt Rauch, MSc
DI Bernhard Schrammel
DI Christoph Schwald
DI Edvin Spahovic

Automated driving is quite definitely one of the most important innovation drivers in the automotive industry.

VIRTUAL VEHICLE covers the development, validation, test, operation, and continuous self-diagnosis of fail-operational automated driving architectures and ensures the coexistence of these highly automated vehicles with conventional vehicles on the road.

White Paper by TÜV & VIRTUAL VEHICLE published

This White Paper by TÜV AUSTRIA & VIRTUAL VEHICLE discusses the challenges highly Automated Driving poses for human safety and demonstrates what kinds of aspects regarding Functional Safety and Cyber Security have to be considered already during development as per today.


Highly or even fully Automated Driving will have a deep impact on human´s social life, changing the way we perceive driving
by its actual meaning and how the vehicle passengers will act during travelling between the desired destinations. Future highly automated vehicles will have to be updated periodically to keep up with the enormous development speed of the entire Automated Driving ecosystem. This leads – already today – to a high risk of possible Cyber Security attacks over all kinds of internal and external electrical interfaces. By such attacks, information could be stolen or even the control of vehicles could be taken over. Such intention must be mitigated at all stages of the vehicle lifecycle including development, maintenance and disposal.

In addition, the functional correctness and safety of Automated Driving functions must be ensured and independently approved. This can only be achieved using novel verification and validation methods, which rely to a large extent on simulation methods, covering a wide range of critical and potentially dangerous test scenarios.
Currently, a well-defined and officially accepted approach to combine safety and security activities for testing and homologation
is missing. This situation is reflected in the respective safety-related standards, which do not cover new development and verification paradigms needed for Automated Driving. Supplementary standards dealing with these new issues are currently in development but cannot be expected before end of 2020. Consequently, companies active in the automotive industry, are currently
facing big challenges during development and approval of their products.